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Authority record

The Hospital of St John the Evangelist, Cambridge

  • GB-1859-SJCA-CI227
  • Corporate body
  • c 1175-1511

Originated as a small building erected towards the end of the 12th century by Hugh Eldcorn, with the agreement of the town of Cambridge and on land probably donated by Henry Frost, burgess of Cambridge, as a shelter for the poor. It was granted an oratory and burial ground, as well as income from the church of Horningsea, by the Bishop of Ely, and the bishops of Ely were recognised as its patron. The right to appoint the Master of the Hospital was contentious. Various grants of rights and privileges, as well as small grants of land, in the first decade of the 13th century, indicate that it was formally established then. In 1228, Pope Gregory IX took it into papal protection. In 1250, Pope Innocent IV confirmed the rule drawn up for the brethren by the Bishop of Ely. In c 1266 it was damaged by fire and by rioters rebelling against the King. In 1280 the Bishop of Ely obtained letters patent establishing scholars in the Hospital alongside the brethren, with the scholars living according to the statutes of Merton College, Oxford. The arrangement was unsuccessful and the two communities separated in 1284, with the scholars leaving and being given a share of the Hospital's endowments. These included St Peter's Church (a significant loss for the brethren) and hostels which formed the basis of Peterhouse College, founded in 1284. The Hospital continued to be supported by the townspeople and to acquire small amounts of land and property throughout the 14th and 15th centuries, ownership of which was transferred to St John's College when the Hospital was dissolved in 1511.

Montagu, Edward, 2nd Earl of Manchester

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN185
  • Person
  • 1602 – 5 May 1671

Eldest son of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester by his first wife, Catherine Spencer, granddaughter of Sir William Spencer of Yarnton, Oxfordshire. MP for Huntingdonshire, 1623-1626. Accompanied Charles, Prince of Wales (later King Charles I) to Spain on his mission to wed the Infanta of Spain. In May 1626 he received the barony of Kimbolton and was styled Viscount Mandeville. A commander of Parliamentary forces during the English Civil War, in August 1643 he was made Major-General of forces in the eastern counties and in July 1644 was supreme commander at the Battle of Marston Moor. However, in November 1644 he opposed continuing the War and in April 1645 resigned his command. He took part in negotiations with Charles I and opposed his trial. He retired from public life during the Commonwealth and facilitated the Restoration of the Monarchy. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1661 and a General, as well as a Fellow of the Royal Society, in 1667. He was married five times and had four children.

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