Showing 326 results

Authority record

Barrett & Son Ltd.

  • GB-1859-SJCR-CI71
  • Corporate body
  • 1935

A ceramic painting firm located in Cambridge providing the College with painted crockery

Batcheller, Paul

  • GB-1859-SJAC-PN55
  • Person

Matric. 1728, B.A. 1731-1732, M.A. 1735. Rector of Storrington, 1733-1759. Rector of Pulborough, 1736-1759. Chaplain to the Earl of Scarborough. Son of Paul Batchiller.

Batchiller, Paul

  • GB-1859-SJAC-PN54
  • Person

Matric. 1695, B.A. 1699-1700, M.A. 1718. Rector of Storrington, 1721-1733.

Beale, William

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN172
  • Person
  • 1634-1644

William Beale (died 1651) was an English royalist churchman, Master in turn of Jesus College, Cambridge and St John's College, Cambridge.
In 1642, Beale was active in raising funds for Charles I’s cause; urging St John’s and other colleges to send money and plate to the king at Nottingham. Oliver Cromwell failed to intercept Beale and the treasure in Huntingdonshire, but later arrested Beale in the College chapel along with the Masters of Jesus and Queens’ Colleges. The three men were transported to the Tower of London. He was removed from his Mastership by the earl of Manchester on 13 March 1644.
He died in Madrid on 1 October 1651.

Beauchamp, Eleanor, Duchess of Somerset

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN156
  • Person
  • 1408-1467

Lady Eleanor Beauchamp was the second daughter of Richard de Beauchamp and Elizabeth de Berkeley. She married Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros, in 1423. After the death of her first husband in 1430, Eleanor married Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset. Her final marriage was to Walter Rokesley. She died in 1467 at Baynard’s Castle in London.

Beaufort, Edmund, Duke of Somerset

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN158
  • Person
  • 1406-1455

Edmund Beaufort was an English nobleman and a key protagonist in the English Wars of the Roses. A descendant of John of Gaunt, Edmund was the son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and Margaret Holland. He married Eleanor Beauchamp between 1431 and 1433, and the couple had ten surviving children. He was also the cousin of Henry VI of England and Richard, Duke of York, with whom he bitterly contested control of the crown following the deterioration in the health of Henry VI and his ability to rule. Tensions between Edmund and Richard culminated in a confrontation known as the First Battle of St Albans in 1455, in which Edmund was killed. The battle marked the beginning of a series of bloody conflicts between the Houses of York and Lancaster.

Beaufort, Henry, Duke of Somerset

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN157
  • Person
  • 1436-1464

Henry Beaufort was an important military figure in the English Wars of the Roses. The son of Edmund Beaufort and Eleanor Beauchamp, Henry was born c.1436 and first fought alongside his father on the Lancastrian side at the First Battle of St Albans in 1455. In the nine years that followed, Henry continued to engage in a number of military campaigns against the Yorkists, culminating in his capture and execution at the Battle of Hexham in 1464. Henry died unmarried and without issue. He was buried at Hexham Abbey.

Beaufort, John, Duke of Somerset

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN159
  • Person
  • c.1403-1444

The father of Lady Margaret Beaufort, John Beaufort was the second son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and Margaret Holland, and a descendant of John of Gaunt. He was an English nobleman and a military commander during the Hundred Years’ War, accompanying his cousin, Henry V of England, on campaigns in France. In 1425, he was captured while fighting and imprisoned until his release in 1438. He married Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso in 1439. In 1443, he was created 1st Duke of Somerset and made a Knight of the Garter. Following his death in 1444, the dukedom passed to his brother, Edmund Beaufort.

Beaufort, Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN148
  • Person
  • 1443-1509

Lady Margaret Beaufort was mother to King Henry VII of England and foundress of St. John’s College. Born on 31st May 1443 at Bletsoe Castle in Bedfordshire, she was the daughter of Margaret Beauchamp of Bletsoe and John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, and a descendant of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster. Margaret’s first marriage to John de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, took place c.1450, although this marriage was never recognised by Margaret herself and was dissolved in 1453. Her second marriage to Edmund Tudor, half-brother of King Henry VI of England, took place on 1st November 1455, when Margaret was twelve years of age. Soon after, Margaret fell pregnant with Edmund’s child. In November 1456, she was widowed when Edmund, fighting on the Lancastrian side of the Wars of the Roses, was captured by Yorkist forces and died in captivity at Carmarthen. A few months later, Margaret gave birth to her only son, the future Henry VII of England, at Pembroke Castle in Wales, where she was protected by her brother-in-law, Jasper Tudor.

In 1458, Margaret married Sir Henry Stafford, the son of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham. While the couple bore no children, Margaret enjoyed a long and close relationship with her husband until his death in 1471. Margaret’s fourth and final marriage to Thomas Stanley, the Lord High Constable and King of Mann, took place in June 1472.

After the success of her son, Henry, in securing the crown at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, Margaret benefited significantly from her newfound authority as the King’s mother and wielded considerable power within the royal court. She was highly influential and a wealthy landowner and patron, generously donating money for the foundation of schools and colleges, including God’s House, Cambridge, which was refounded in 1505 as Christ’s College, and St. John’s College, founded in 1511 after her death with money from her estate. The Lady Margaret Professorship in Divinity, held respectively at Oxford and Cambridge universities, was established in her name in 1502.

Margaret died on 29th June 1509 and was buried in the Henry VII Chapel at Westminster Abbey, in a tomb created by the Florentine sculptor, Pietro Torrigiano. She remains a central figure in the history of the early Tudor dynasty and in the foundation of St. John’s College.

Bedell, William

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN89
  • Person

A trusted official in the household of Lady Margaret Beaufort, treasurer to Thomas Wolsey, and bailiff of Cheshunt, Hertfordshire and possibly also of Kimbolton in Huntingdon. Bedell married Cecily Crathorne around 1506. He died in July 1518 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. In his will, Bedell attributed all of his wealth to Lady Margaret Beaufort.

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