Showing 281 results

Authority record

Alexander VI, Pope

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN92
  • Person
  • 1431-1503

Born in the province of Valencia in 1431, Rodrigo Borgia (‘de Borja’) held papal office from 1492 until his death in 1503. After studying law at the university in Bologna as a young man, Rodrigo Borgia was appointed Cardinal-Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere at the age of twenty-five. He went on to hold a number of important administrative and episcopal positions, including Administrator of Valencia (1458-1492), Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1476-1492), Administrator of Cartagena (1482-1492), Administrator of Mallorca (1489-1492), and Archbishop of Valencia (1492). The term of his papacy is generally viewed as having been blotted by nepotism, corruption and sexual scandal.

Alvey, Henry

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN167
  • Person
  • 1575-1576

Henry Alvey gained his BA at St John's in 1575/6, graduated MA in 1579 and BD in 1586. He was a Fellow from 1577, and became President of the College in 1590. In 1601 he relocated to Ireland, where he became Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. He returned to Cambridge in 1609.

Arrowsmith, John

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN173
  • Person
  • 11 April 1644 - May 1653

Arrowsmith came up to St John's College in 1616 and graduated BA in 1620. He proceeded MA in 1623, and in the same year became a fellow of St Catharine's College. In 1631 he married and resigned his fellowship.Following his marriage he went to King's Lynn as curate and then vicar of St Nicholas's Church.
During the Civil War, Arrowsmith was a leading presbyterian in both Cambridge and London. In 1644 Arrowsmith was admitted by the earl of Manchester as Master, replacing the ejected royalist William Beale.

Ashton, Hugh

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN85
  • Person
  • d.1522

Ashton was a member of Lady Margaret Beaufort’s household and served as her receiver-general from around 1502, before rising to the position of comptroller from late 1508. He began an MA at Oxford in 1507, but was quickly granted permission to transfer to Cambridge in order to study canon law. Among his various subsequent appointments, Ashton served as canon and prebendary of St. Stephen’s, Westminster from 1509; Archdeacon of Winchester, 1511-1519; Archdeacon of Cornwall from 1515; Rector of Grasmere to 1511; and Archdeacon of York from 1516.

Ashton was an early fellow of and benefactor to St. John’s College. His tomb and effigy were transferred from their chantry in the old College chapel to the new chapel in 1868 and are still visible in the north transept today.

Ashton, Thomas

  • GB-1859-SJCA-PN317
  • Person
  • d 1578

Educated at St John's College, where he was made a Fellow in 1520. MA, 1521; BTh, 1531. Senior Bursar at St John's, 1535-1539. Held a benefice in the Diocese of Lincoln. Appointed as Headmaster of Shrewsbury School, 1561-1571. Under his headship, the school was attended by an increased number of sons of the nobility, with pupils from as far away as Buckinghamshire. Philip Sidney was a pupil there during his tenure. On retiring from Shrewsbury, entered the service of Walter Devereux, later 1st Earl of Essex, overseeing Devereux's affairs while he was away and acting as tutor to his son. He also worked for the Crown and was twice sent to Ireland: in 1574 to persuade the Essex to make peace with Turlough Luineach O'Neill, lord of Tír Eoghain, and in 1575 to communicate the Queen's desire that Essex halt his attempts to subdue part of the province of Ulster. After Essex's death in 1576 and the settlement of his affairs, Ashton concentrated on securing the adoption of the ordinances he had written for governing Shrewsbury School, which succeeded in August 1578. He died in Cambridge on 28 August 1578.

Atcherley, James

  • GB-1859-SJAC-PN56
  • Person
  • 1730-1804

Adm. sizar to Magdalene College, Cambridge, March 1748/9. B.A. 1753, M.A. 1763. Third Master of Shrewsbury School, 1755; Second Master, 1763. Subsequently Headmaster, 1770-1798. Rector of Lydbury North, 1798-1804.

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